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Red Maple Trees

Named to reflect its brilliant red autumn foliage. Due to its ability to thrive in a wide variety of soils and climates, the Red Maple is one of the most common hardwood trees in North America.

Red Maples can be identified based on the following characteristics:

Tree : The Red Maple grows to 60 - 90 feet tall. The bright red fall color derives its name. Grows in both dry and wet soil conditions. Lives up to 150 years.

Red Maple Tree

Habitat : Eastern North America, extending into Quebec, Ontario, and south into Florida. Found as far west as Minnesota and Texas.

Red Maple Habitat

Bark : The bark on young trees is light grey and smooth. On mature trees, the bark is darker, with grey or black ridges and narrow, scaly plates.

Red Maple Bark

Leaf : The leaf is 2 - 6 inches wide, usually with 3 lobes. The margins of the leaf contain small, sharp teeth. The mature leaves are light green with a whitish underside.

Red Maple Leaf Autumn Red Maple Leaf

Twig / Bud : The twig is slender, shiny, and reddish in color. Buds are blunt, clustered, and 1/81/4 inch long.

Red Maple Twig

Fruit : The V-shaped, double-winged fruit develops in clusters, and is - 1 inch long. The fruit matures in the spring (as opposed to the fall for a Sugar or Black Maple).

Red Maple Fruit
Content on this page is reproduced with permission from the Cornell Maple Program and Massachusetts Maple Producers Association.